Category: Augsburg

Augsburgcity, Bavaria Land statesouthern Germany. It lies at the junction of the Wertach and Lech rivers and extends over the plateau country between the two rivers. Traces of an Early Bronze Age settlement have been found at the site. The town was founded as a Roman colony Augusta Vindelicorum by Nero Claudius Drusus, younger brother of Tiberius later emperorin 15 bc.

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It was the seat of a bishopric by adand the invading Hungarians were decisively defeated by King Otto I in on the plain south of the town. Augsburg became an imperial free city in and joined the Swabian League in Although Augsburg was considerably damaged in World War IImany of its historic landmarks survived.

The town hall —20 and the famous Fuggereithe oldest housing settlement for the poor in the world, were damaged in World War II. Both have been restored, but the famous Golden Hall in the town hall was destroyed.

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There are other medieval churches, three 16th-century fountains on the main street, a town museum, art galleries, and a municipal library. An important traffic junction, Augsburg is also an industrial centre, with manufactures that include machinery and electrical equipment. The city is the seat of the University of Augsburg, founded in as a regional Bavarian university; the city also has several colleges of music and a technical college founded featuring courses in engineering, economics, and business administration.

German poet and playwright Bertolt Brecht was born in the city in Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.

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Diet of Augsburg

Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. In Augsburg was the most populous German city, with a resident population of 50, The social unity of the citizen body had been most marked in the 13th century, when the guilds joined the dominant….

Basel became famous for the scholarly editions of Johann Amerbach and Johann Froben, who had the benefit of distinguished advisers, including the Dutch humanist scholar Desiderius Erasmus. In Augsburgthe first press was set up alongside the renowned scriptorium of the Abbey of…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address.

By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More About. The Catholic Encyclopedia - Augsburg. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.That, in turn, caused the Protestant princes to close ranks in the following year in the Schmalkaldic League. Faced with renewed Turkish onslaughts, the emperor granted some concessions….

When Charles V convened a Diet to meet at Augsburg in to address unresolved religious issues, Luther himself could not be present, though he managed to travel as far south as Coburg—still some miles north of Augsburg—to follow developments at the Diet. At the Diet of Augsburg Melanchthon was the leading representative of the Reformation, and it was he who prepared the Augsburg Confession, which influenced other credal statements in Protestantism.

In the Confession he sought to be as inoffensive to the Catholics as possible while forcefully stating…. The Augsburg Confession, which became a fundamental statement of Lutheran belief, assumed that reconciliation with the Catholics was still possible. This view was shared by Charles, who was pushing the pope toward the summoning…. It was prepared and accepted at the insistence of the Holy Roman emperor Charles V, who hoped to establish temporary religious unity in Germany until differences could be worked out in a general….

Although Charles believed that he had granted far-reaching concessions to the people and the Protestant authorities in that document, his main…. The Diet of Augsburg in accorded them law-enforcement powers, including the right to carry out the decisions of the Reichs kammergericht, or imperial chamber.

Especially in western and southern Germany, the circles provided a measure of needed regional political cohesion during the great religious and political…. At the Diet of Augsburg inhe was forced to concede formal recognition to the Lutheran churches in the Holy Roman Empire. The Peace allowed the state princes to select either Lutheranism or Catholicism as the religion of their domain and permitted the free emigration of residents who dissented.

The legislation officially ended conflict between the two groups, though it made no provisions for other Protestant…. Diet of Augsburg. Diet of Augsburg Holy Roman imperial council. Learn about this topic in these articles: role of Charles V.Explore Augsburg.

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Create a Trip. Essential Augsburg. Go Play. Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. See all. Botanischer Garten Augsburg. Augsburger Puppentheatermuseum. Augsburg Town Hall. Architectural Buildings, Government Buildings.Maria Dom St. Maria St. Things to do in Augsburg. All Things to Do. View map. Browse by Category.

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Museums 3. Augsburger Puppentheatermuseum reviews. Augsburg Town Hall reviews. Museums 5. Schaezlerpalais reviews. Augsburg Zoo reviews. Cathedral of St. Maria reviews. See 2 Experiences. Church of St. Ulrich and St. Afra reviews. Anne's Church, Augsburg reviews.Bundesliga upstarts Augsburg were denied a third successive win at the start of the season after they were made to work hard for a draw at strug.

Bundesliga title hopefuls Borussia Dortmund suffered a blow in a defeat at Augsburg on Saturday with Daniel Caligiur scoring. German striker Timo Werner marked his RB Leipzig swansong with two well-taken goals to guide his side to a victory at Augsburg in the Bundesliga. Fortuna Duesseldorf drew with Augsburg in the Bundesliga on Saturday to stay in pole position to secure a relegation playoff spot.

Augsburg forward Florian Niederlechner blamed the empty stadium for his missed penalty as he said it allowed him to hear an opponent's taunts. A late equaliser by left back Philipp Max helped Augsburg secure a home draw with Cologne in the Bundesliga.

VfL Wolfsburg - FC Augsburg - 0-0 - Highlights - Matchday 3 – Bundesliga 2020/21

Javairo Dilrosun and Krzysztof Piatek each scored as Hertha Berlin continued their unbeaten run under new coach Bruno Labbadia and climbed to ninth. Augsburg and bottom club Paderborn played out a draw in their Bundesliga relegation battle on Wednesday. Schalke slumped to a shock home loss to relegation-threatened Augsburg on Sunday, their fourth defeat in five games dropping them to eighth. Wolfsburg stretched their unbeaten league run to seven games with a win at Augsburg in the Bundesliga as the season restarted on Saturday inside.

Augsburg coach Heiko Herrlich will miss his team's first game when the Bundesliga resumes on Saturday because he broke quarantine rules. Bayern Munich cruised to a victory at home to Augsburg on Sunday as they moved four points clear at the top of the Bundesliga. Schalke's Amine Harit scored an 82nd-minute winner as his team twice came from a goal down to beat hosts Augsburg in the Bundesliga on Sunday. Felix UduokhaiD. Michael GregoritschF. IagoD. Raphael FrambergerD. Florian NiederlechnerF.

Skip to navigation. German Bundesliga. German DFB Pokal. Club Friendly. Ger Cup.

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Fjortoft: Borussia Dortmund need leaders Augsburg 'knew what to expect' against Dortmund Augsburgcity, Bavaria Land statesouthern Germany. It lies at the junction of the Wertach and Lech rivers and extends over the plateau country between the two rivers. Traces of an Early Bronze Age settlement have been found at the site. The town was founded as a Roman colony Augusta Vindelicorum by Nero Claudius Drusus, younger brother of Tiberius later emperorin 15 bc.

It was the seat of a bishopric by adand the invading Hungarians were decisively defeated by King Otto I in on the plain south of the town. Augsburg became an imperial free city in and joined the Swabian League in Although Augsburg was considerably damaged in World War IImany of its historic landmarks survived. The town hall —20 and the famous Fuggereithe oldest housing settlement for the poor in the world, were damaged in World War II.

Both have been restored, but the famous Golden Hall in the town hall was destroyed. There are other medieval churches, three 16th-century fountains on the main street, a town museum, art galleries, and a municipal library.

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An important traffic junction, Augsburg is also an industrial centre, with manufactures that include machinery and electrical equipment. The city is the seat of the University of Augsburg, founded in as a regional Bavarian university; the city also has several colleges of music and a technical college founded featuring courses in engineering, economics, and business administration.

German poet and playwright Bertolt Brecht was born in the city in Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History. Britannica Quiz. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.

Subscribe today.It is a university town and regional seat of the Regierungsbezirk Schwaben with an impressive Altstadt city centre. Augsburg is an urban district and home to the institutions of the Landkreis Augsburg. It is the third-largest city in Bavaria after Munich and Nuremberg with a population ofinhabitants, within its metropolitan area. It was a Free Imperial City from to and the home of the patrician Fugger and Welser families that dominated European banking in the 16th century.

The city played a leading role in the Reformation as the site of the Augsburg Confession and Peace of Augsburg. The Fuggereithe oldest social housing complex in the world, was founded in by Jakob Fugger. Augsburg lies at the convergence of the Alpine rivers Lech and Wertach and on the Singold.

The oldest part of the city and the southern quarters are on the northern foothills of a high terrace, which emerged between the steep rim of the hills of Friedberg in the east and the high hills of the west.

In the south extends the Lechfeld, an outwash plain of the post ice age between the rivers Lech and Wertach, where rare primeval landscapes were preserved. The Augsburg city forest and the Lech valley heaths today rank among the most species-rich middle European habitats. Augsburg borders on the nature park Augsburg Western Woods - a large forestland. The city itself is also heavily verdant. As a result, in Augsburg was the first German city to win the Europe-wide contest Entente Florale for Europe's greenest and most livable city.

Augsburg is surrounded by the counties Landkreis Augsburg in the west and Aichach-Friedberg in the east. The name means "Augusta of the Vindelici ". This garrison camp soon became the capital of the Roman province of Raetia.

Early development was due to a year affiliation with the Roman Empireespecially because of its excellent military, economic and geographic position at the convergence of the Alpine rivers Lech and Wertachand with direct access to most important Alpine passes. Thus, Augsburg was the intersection of many important European east-west and north-south connections, which later evolved as major trade routes of the Middle Ages.

augsburg

Augsburg was sacked by the Huns in the 5th century AD, by Charlemagne in the 8th century, and by Welf of Bavaria in the 11th century, but arose each time to greater prosperity. Augsburg was granted the status of a Free Imperial City on March 9, and from then untilit was independent of its former overlord, the Prince-Bishop of Augsburg.

Frictions between the city-state and the prince-bishops were to remain frequent however, particularly after Augsburg became Protestant and curtailed the rights and freedoms of Catholics. With its strategic location at an intersection of trade routes to Italy, the Free Imperial City became a major trading center.

augsburg

Augsburg produced large quantities of woven goods, cloth and textiles. Augsburg became the base of two banking families that rose to great prominence, the Fuggers and the Welsers. The Fugger family donated the Fuggerei part of the city devoted to housing for needy citizens inwhich remains in use today.

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Religious peace in the city was largely maintained despite increasing Confessional tensions until the Thirty Years' War — InHoly Roman Emperor Ferdinand II issued the Edict of Restitutionwhich restored the legal situation of and again curtailed the rights of the Protestant citizens.

The inequality of the Edict of Restitution was rescinded when in Aprilthe Swedish army under Gustavus Adolphus captured Augsburg without resistance. By OctoberCatholic troops had surrounded Augsburg. According to J. Hays, "In the period of the Swedish occupation and the Imperial siege the population of the city was reduced from about 70, to about 16, with typhus and plague playing major roles. It was formed to defend the Palatinate from France.

This organization fought against France in the Nine Years War.


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